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Indigenous Trees and Shrubs of Zambia and their Uses in Landscape Design

The African landscape is characterised by its trees. See a picture of an umbrella shaped acacia and we know immediately that that is Africa.The older streets of Zambian cities and towns are shaded by indigenous trees, planted when the cities were established. These trees give the streets their character. New streets and booming industrial areas have either no trees at all or trees that will not survive future generations. We are aiming to encourage the planting of indigenous trees in parks and  gardens, on  private and public land, down streets and around factories, in graveyards, on farms, on reclaimed land – anywhere and everywhere. 
WHY PLANT INDIGENOUS TREES
Indigenous are home grown, they are local, native, occurring naturally in a defined area.
We aim to encourage the use of indigenous trees because indigenous trees

  • Belong in Zambia and are suited to its climate, height, soils and form an important part of the ecosystem, feeding indigenous birds, insects, and animals.
  • Give shape to the rural and urban landscape
  • Are unlikely to topple over after 20 years, nor do they invade like weeds.
  • Provide shade in the garden, on the streets, in car parks and on the farm.
  • Provide lots of colour and interest – flowers, leaves, pods, seeds
  • Attract indigenous insects and birds to the garden
  • Are not as thirsty as their exotic cousins because they are adapted to the climate and can cope with periods of drought
  • In some cases, increases fertility in the soil
  • Can be used for building, boat, medicines, vitamins and food.
  • Can be viewed in their natural habitat

Trees-4-Zambia Vision
Trees-4-Zambia is committed to create a green and clean environment in Zambia in a sustainable way by encouraging Zambian people and businesses to plant indigenous trees and shrubs.

Objectives

Trees-4-Zambia aims to:

  • Inform and raise awareness of the Zambian population related to the uses and benefits of planting indigenous trees.
  • Advise on appropriate planting schemes for urban areas, schools, shopping centers, businesses, gold courses, and domestic spaces.
  • Grow appropriate trees that enhances the local environment and flora and fauna.
  • Support local environmental groups such as school Chongololo clubs.  

Activities
Trees-4-Zambia has an indigenous trees and plant nursery. In 2019, we have nearly 8,500 of 100 different species of indigenous trees ready for sale. All our trees are grown from seed collected in Zambia, mostly locally in Lusaka District.
Trees-4-Zambia is currently planting an arboretum of indigenous trees, and areas are being planted with indigenous shrubs. An area of wilderness has been set aside for conservation purposes. This will be developed over the coming years.
Trees-4-Zambia supports environmental groups by giving talks, slide shows and planting trees in public places. Trees-4-Zambia has an active website and a Facebook page.  

This website describes some indigenous trees and shrubs found in Zambia, what they look like and where they can usefully be planted.